Brookfield asserts that identifying and challenging assumptions and analyzing assumptions for validity are essential to critical thinking skills.
Brookfield asserts that identifying and challenging assumptions and analyzing assumptions for validity are essential to critical thinking skills.Tags: Diploma Design Thesis 2008Essay On Why Community Service Is ImportantAnti-Sasunaru EssayEssay About Of A SalesmanThesis Paper On ChristianityUtilitarianism Research PaperNonviolence And Peace EssaysHomework Tips For StudentsCreative Writing StoryBiology Coursework 2006
When using critical thinking, individuals step back and reflect on the quality of that thinking.
Simpson and Courtneay point out that critical thinking processes require active argumentation, initiative, reasoning, envisioning and analyzing complex alternatives, and making contingency-related value judgment.
In order words, students can defend their thinking with evidence.
Ennis asserts that to help students develop critical thinking skills, teachers must understand the cognitive processes that constitute critical thinking and use instructional activities that will develop these processes.
He recommends instructors teach students how to define and clarify information, ask appropriate questions to clarify or challenge statements or beliefs, judge the credibility of sources, and solve problems by predicting probable outcomes through logic or deduction.
Ennis also suggests that critical thinkers demonstrate particular attributes.
He claims that CT involves students' total intellectual functioning, not a narrowly defined set of skills.
He postulates that there are three mental processes fostering critical thinking: meta-components, performance components, and knowledge-acquisition strategies.
Thus, it is particularly important that all aspects of dental educational curriculum stress real-world practice, the importance of oral health care, and the relationship of overall oral health care to systemic health by teaching students how to use critical thinking skills.
Lipman, like Sternberg, does not specify a "how to" approach.