What do you think of when you hear the word “purpose”?
What do you think of when you hear the word “purpose”?Technically speaking, a purpose can be defined as why something exists, how we use an object, or why we make something.One of the most common mistakes new public speaking students make is to blur the line between informing and persuading.Tags: Sport And Social Class EssayQualitative Analysis Historical And Critical EssaysThe Essays Of Warren BuffetShort Essay On Water PollutionCritical Thinking In The WorkplaceMeaning Of Assumption In Thesis WritingExample Of Problem Statement In Research ProposalAfghanistan Thesis PapersCreate A Thesis Outline
Aristotle talked about three speech purposes: deliberative (political speech), forensic (courtroom speech), and epideictic (speech of praise or blame).
Cicero also talked about three purposes: judicial (courtroom speech), deliberative (political speech), and demonstrative (ceremonial speech—similar to Aristotle’s epideictic). Augustine of Hippo also wrote about three specific speech purposes: to teach (provide people with information), to delight (entertain people or show people false ideas), and to sway (persuade people to a religious ideology).
All these systems of identifying public speeches have been attempts at helping people determine the general purpose of their speech.
A refers to the broad goal in creating and delivering a speech.
Notice that the goal is not to encourage people to use that knowledge in any specific way.
When a speaker starts encouraging people to use knowledge in a specific way, he or she is no longer informing but is persuading.These typologies or classification systems of public speeches serve to demonstrate that general speech purposes have remained pretty consistent throughout the history of public speaking.Modern public speaking scholars typically use a classification system of three general purposes: to inform, to persuade, and to entertain. Simply put, this is about helping audience members acquire information that they do not already possess.Every year, millions of people attend some kind of knowledge sharing conference or convention in hopes of learning new information or skills that will help them in their personal or professional lives (Atwood, 2009).People are motivated to share their knowledge with other people for a variety of reasons (Hendriks, 1999).In an informative speech, the purpose of the speech is to explain to your audience what the program is and how it works.If, however, you start encouraging your audience to participate in the vaccination program, you are no longer informing them about the program but rather persuading them to become involved in the program., the lead character sings a song about finding his purpose in life: “I don’t know how I know / But I’m gonna find my purpose / I don’t know where I’m gonna look / But I’m gonna find my purpose.” Although the song is about life in general, the lyrics are also appropriate when thinking about the purpose of your speech.You may know that you have been assigned to deliver a speech, but finding a purpose and topic seems like a formidable task.For the purposes of public speaking, all three can be applicable.For example, when we talk about a speech’s purpose, we can question why a specific speech was given; we can question how we are supposed to use the information within a speech; and we can question why we are personally creating a speech.