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Schools, offices and businesses are closed so family, friends and neighbors can enjoy the celebrations together. Special food is prepared and friends and family are invited over to celebrate.
Eid al-Fitr features two to three days of celebrations that include special morning prayers.
People greet each other with “Eid Mubarak,” meaning “Blessed Eid” and with formal embraces.
Eid al-Adha recalls the story of how God commanded Ibrahim to sacrifice his son Ismail as a test of faith.
The story, as narrated in the Quran, describes Satan’s attempt to tempt Ibrahim so he would disobey God’s command.
Sweet dishes are prepared at home and gifts are given to children and to those in need. K., Muslims may request to have the day off from school or work to travel or celebrate with family and friends.
In addition, Muslims are encouraged to forgive and seek forgiveness. In many countries with large Muslim populations, Eid al-Fitr is a national holiday. In countries like Egypt and Pakistan, Muslims decorate their homes with lanterns, twinkling lights or flowers.
Eid al-Adha is celebrated on the 10th day of the final month in the Islamic calendar.
The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and dates are calculated based on lunar phases.
In Turkey and in places that were once part of the Ottoman-Turkish empire such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Azerbaijan and the Caucasus, it is also known as the, “Lesser Bayram” or “festival” in Turkish.
The other festival, Eid al-Adha, is the “feast of the sacrifice.” It comes at the end of the Hajj, an annual pilgrimage by millions of Muslims to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia that is obligatory once in a lifetime, but only for those with means.