Over time, this behavior can turn into a substance dependency or drug and alcohol addiction.Alcohol can have short- and long-term effects on the brain and disrupts the brain’s communication pathways.
People suffering from drug and alcohol addiction also have a higher risk of unintentional injuries, accidents and domestic violence incidents.
The good news is: Substance use disorders are treatable.
For example, the injection of drugs directly into the bloodstream has an immediate impact, while ingestion has a delayed effect. They cause large amounts of dopamine, a neurotransmitter that helps regulate our emotions, motivation and feelings of pleasure, to flood the brain and produce a “high.” Eventually, drugs can change how the brain works and interfere with a person’s ability to make choices, leading to intense cravings and compulsive drug use.
Over time, this behavior can turn into a substance dependency, or drug addiction.
There are a few ways a person can take drugs, including injection, inhalation and ingestion.
The effects of the drug on the body can depend on how the drug is delivered.
They can vary depending on the type of drug, how much and how often it’s taken and the person’s general health.
Overall, the effects of drug abuse and dependence can be far-reaching.
Drugs may contain impurities that can be harmful to an unborn baby.
Pregnant women who use drugs may be more likely to harm the fetus with risky behaviors and poor nutrition.