Poe’s prose essay, “Eureka: An Essay on the Spiritual and Material Universe” was written in 1848.
It was his attempt to bring together the scientific knowledge available in his time into one unified theory of how spirit and matter are related. Poe acknowledges this fact in his essay, saying that he cannot prove what he is saying but would convince the reader through imagination.
Other classic Gothic fiction Poe would have known include The Mysteries of Udolpho by Ann Radcliffe (1794) and Matthew Gregory Lewis’s The Monk, a tale of black magic (1796).
These were bestsellers that set the trend for future Gothic archetypes of spooky houses and unexplained deaths.
In his critical writings, Poe explains how the mystery writer should proceed.
The mystery has to be preserved until the end of the tale.“Murders in the Rue Morgue” (1841), “The Mystery of Marie Roget” (1842), and “The Purloined Letter” (1844), feature his eccentric hardboiled detective, C. Arthur Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes stories owe their traits of the brilliant detective to Poe’s Dupin.Poe used several plot devices that became popular, such as the wrongly suspected man, the crime in a locked room, psychological insight into criminal motivation, the encrypted treasure map, false clues, the admiring Dr.It should be like a puzzle in which the answer is always possible to derive and logical but not easily guessed.The popularity of these stories led to a new kind of American literary hero, a detective who had his roots in the character of Dupin, upholding the right but outside the legal system.The air of realism is maintained through newspaper articles and testimony in court.Other Poe detective stories include “Thou Art the Man” (1844) and “The Gold Bug” (1843), for which Poe won a prize.He was interested in science and scientific phenomena, sometimes called the first science fiction writer in The Narrative of A.Gordon Pym (1838), containing the Hollow Earth theory that influenced Jules Verne.Every detail must converge on the denouement or unraveling of the mystery.The writer is also forbidden from using tricks to conceal the solution.