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Within the context of shifting powers and fierce political and religious enmities, Swift had to make his career.In England, Swift became a part of the household of Sir William Temple, statesman and diplomat, whom he served as secretary.His mother, Abigail Errick, left Swift in Ireland with his nurse and went to live in England. In early winter, 1688, William of Orange, a Protestant, overthrew King James II, the Catholic king of England.
Swift was plagued with fits of dizziness, and he left Moor Park for Ireland in 1690 for his health, but soon returned to England. He stayed there until Temple's death in 1699, helping him ready his memoirs and letters for publication. After Temple's death, Swift accepted an offer to work as secretary and chaplain to the Lord Justice Charles Berkeley in Ireland.
The job, however, Swift learned upon his arrival, had been given to someone else.
He became friendly with the poet Alexander Pope, the playwright John Gay, and the satirist John Arbuthnot (who was also a physician). After 1707, Swift became active in English and Irish secular and ecclesiastical politics.
In 1710, Swift became editor of the Tory paper Examiner.
Swift became her tutor and developed a lifelong relationship with her, which perhaps extended even to matrimony, but that is not clear. Afterwards, he again left Moor Park for Ireland, where he was ordained as a priest in the Church of Ireland and became the administrator of a church in Kilroot.
He wrote about her, assigning her literary manifestation the name Stella. Unhappy with his assignment there and perhaps disappointed in love, rejected by Jane Waring, to whom he had proposed marriage, Swift returned to Moor Park again in 1696.
He is also author of prose satires such as A Tale of a Tub, a commentary on the corruptions of the Christian religion; The Battle of the Books, his entrance into an ongoing learned argument over the superiority of ancient or modern writers; and A Modest Proposal, a tract in which he suggests selling Irish babies of under a year old to rich Englishmen for food as a way to deal with the problem of Irish poverty.
The text of Swift's "A Satirical Elegy on the Death of a Late Famous General" can be foundin The Wadsworth Anthology of Poetry, edited by Jay Parini and published by Thomson Wadsworth in 2006.
Let pride be taught by this rebuke, How very mean a thing's a Duke; 30 From all his ill-got honors flung, Turned to that dirt from whence he sprung.
Swift's "A Satirical Elegy on the Death of a Late Famous General" is divided into two parts. " This might be read as solemn shock, and yet the tone is more like unbelief, and the tone of the lines following does not suggest sadness.