In an explanatory essay, you are expected to explain or describe a process or topic in answer to an essay question and support your argument with academic sources (references).
Regardless of the type of essay you are writing, it is very important that you understand what is being asked of you before you begin your research and writing your essay.
Your research should be organised so that the transition from doing your research to writing your essay is simple.
The best way to do this is to organise your research so that it matches the organisation of the essay.
Use each of the dot points from your essay plan (topics you are planning to discuss) as a heading in your research document.
When you do your research, you will organise it in the order that the information will appear in your essay.
It is acceptable if your essay plan is rough or vague at this point, or if you do not have a great deal of detail.
You will develop your essay plan (expanding it and including more detail) and possibly even change it as you go through the research process.
Remember: In a composition the writer assembles facts and in an essay he expresses his own ideas, opinions and feelings.
In an essay the task is to give an individual interpretation of facts.