Homework Debate Research

The amount of homework students are given differs greatly across grade levels and states. What are the advantages and disadvantages of homework? These questions represent the ongoing debate surrounding homework for the past two decades.Some students are given hours of work while other students are assigned little or no work to be done at home. According to a survey by the University of Michigan, homework has doubled over the last twenty years, especially in the younger grades, due to the school’s requirement to meet higher-than-ever achievement goals for children.

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Finally, the research team identified 35 studies that found a positive correlation between homework and achievement, but only after elementary school. Cooper concluded that younger students might be less capable of benefiting from homework due to undeveloped study habits or other factors. ” also identifies the amount homework that serves as a learning tool for students.

While practice improves test scores at all grade levels, “Homework for junior high students appears to reach the point of diminishing returns after about 90 minutes a night.

Constraints on class time require that such activities are given as outside assignments.

Duke University professor Harris Cooper supports Ravitch’s assessment, saying that, “Across five studies, the average student who did homework had a higher unit test score than the students not doing homework.” Dr.

While the act of completing homework has benefits in terms of developing good habits in students, homework must prove useful for students so that they buy in to the process and complete their assignments.

If students (or their parents) feel homework is a useless component of their learning, they will skip it—and miss out on the major benefits, content and otherwise, that homework has to offer.Homework provides practice with content, concepts, and skills taught at school by the teacher.It can foster retention and understanding of the academic content.For instance, students may use the concept of area and perimeter to build a flowerbed.INTEGRATION HOMEWORK requires the student to apply learned skills and concepts to produce a single project like reading a book and writing a report on it.The homework debate often focuses on how and why homework affects student learning and achievement.Harris Cooper, a professor of psychology, and colleagues (2006) found there are both positive and negative consequences of homework. And most importantly: Does homework increase student achievement?Although homework has academic and non-academic advantages and disadvantages, the majority of studies conducted reveal inconclusive evidence that assigning homework increases student achievement.PREPARATION HOMEWORK is assigned to introduce content that will be addressed in future lessons.However, research suggests that homework is less effective if it is used to teach new or complex skills.


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