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So, Luther set about writing 95 complaints with the Church's greedy behavior. On October 3, 1517, Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the door of the Church of Wittenberg and sent copies to the higher authorities of the Catholic Church.The posting of the 95 Theses is considered by many the beginning of the Protestant Reformation.Then, in 1517, a German priest shook the Catholic Church to its very foundations. All Luther was trying to do was to stop the Church from engaging in some practices that he considered unchristian.
There are approximately 41,000 different denominations of Christianity.
Some of these denominations differ on fundamental notions - the Greek Orthodox Church does not try to convert non-believers, whereas Evangelicals do little else.
He witnessed poor peasants giving up their life savings to buy an indulgence for a dead relative, in the hope of saving their loved ones from the tortures of purgatory. Luther saw nothing in the Bible that gave the Church the right to charge people for their salvation.
The church was supposed to be a spiritual sanctuary, not a marketplace.
Earlier that year, in 1517, Pope Leo X had made an unconventional move. Peter's Basilica in Rome, but he didn't want to spend his own considerable wealth to do so.
This is not surprising, as Leo was a member of the wealthy Medici banking family, which dominated Florence. Leo's solution was to begin offering indulgences in exchange for donations to the Basilica's renovation.
Others denominations differ in terms of practice - compare the staid ceremony of Anglicans to the tongue-speaking spectacle of Charismatics.
Others are so similar, only initiates can discern one from the other.
The church had been in the practice of granting indulgences in exchange for good works and acts of piety for centuries, ever since Pope Urban II offered indulgences to Crusaders in 1095.
Luther questioned whether the church had the authority to grant such indulgences.