New Essays On Paradise Lost

Milton’s depiction of Satan cannot be regarded as single-valued.

The beginning of the process of Satan’s devolution is depicted in the first book when this character starts forming an army of fallen angels, planning a rebellion against God.

The main factors which influenced Satan’s decision to organize an attack on God were his arrogance, enviousness and unruliness.

He cannot enjoy the beauty of this wonderful world and this is the only reason for his hesitation before proceeding to actions this time.

Preoccupied with making evil out of good and fulfilling his insidious plans, the fallen angel forgets about remorse and there is no inner struggle in him anymore.

Thus, the process of Satan’s devolution was not over and at this stage, Satan’s plans become more sophisticated.

The main antagonist realizes that the direct attacks of God are senseless and decides to use alternative methods.At this stage the process of Satan’s devolution is irreversible and he will never be forgiven by God.“Farewel Remorse: all Good to me is lost;/ Evil be thou my Good; by thee at least” (Milton Book IV).Satan, as the leader of Hell, could not be satisfied with the achieved results and his inner suffering makes him continue his planning of rebellions.God’s power remained the object of Satan’s envy, and along with Satan’s hurt pride, it motivated the main negative character to build plans for making evil out of good and taking a revenge on God.Showing how powerful Satan is and even comparing him to titans, the author describes the process of devolution of the main antagonist.Presenting Satan as a military hero who manages to unite hundreds of thousands of fallen angels for creating a powerful army of demons in the first book, Milton shows the inner processes in the soul of the main negative character which preconditioned his devolution.Initiating the readers into the processes in the inner world of the main antagonist, Milton allows them to understand the preconditions of his disobedience, drawing the parallels with their own weaknesses.With the continuing process of Satan’s devolution, in the ninth book he is deprived of the feelings of remorse and his inner struggle is almost over.With all the attempts of making evil out of good which were not crowned with success, the tension in Satan’s soul grew, continuing the process of his degradation.In the fourth book, Milton shows Satan’s despair which intensifies suffering of the main negative character and catalyzes his insidious attacks of God.


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