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High systolic or diastolic blood pressure (BP), low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), high low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high total cholesterol (TC), high serum triglycerides (TG), and high fasting blood glucose (FBG) were significantly correlated with increased odds ratios of high CRP in both genders.Low HDL-C, high LDL-C, high serum TG, and high FBG were significantly associated with increased odds ratios of high NLR in both genders.Metabolic syndrome is commonly associated with inflammation.
The objective of the study was to determine the association of dietary patterns, anthropometric measurements, and metabolic parameters with inflammatory markers in middle-aged and older adults with metabolic syndrome in Taiwan.
A total of 26,016 subjects aged ≥35 y with metabolic syndrome were recruited from Mei Jau institution between 20 for a cross sectional study.
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome and central obesity increased with age, with the highest rates seen among middle-aged and older adults .
Additionally, metabolic syndrome was associated with inflammation which may exacerbate the development of CVD .
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome has been increased obviously throughout the world [2,3,4], and it has become a main public health issue in recent years.
Moreover, metabolic syndrome is one of the risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD).Model 1 was unadjusted and model 2 was adjusted for age, marital status, education, occupation, smoking, drinking status, and physical activity.A significance level of P ≤ 0.05 was used for all analyses, and SPSS 24 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA) software was used to analyze the data.Body fat, skinfold thickness, and other measures of abdominal adiposity were also positively correlated with inflammation [13, 14].Furthermore, metabolic disorders might interfere with inflammatory status.Metabolic syndrome was defined by the International Diabetes Federation.Multivariate logistic regression was performed to evaluate the association of dietary patterns, anthropometric measurements, and metabolic parameters with C-reactive protein (CRP) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in men and women with metabolic syndrome. The western dietary pattern, obesity, high body fat, high waist or hip circumference, and high waist-to-hip ratio were significantly associated with increased odds ratios of high CRP and NLR in both genders.Components of metabolic syndrome were significantly increased with both CRP and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) levels [15, 16].Dyslipidemia, which is characterized by high levels of total cholesterol (TC), serum TG, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels, or low HDL-C levels, has also been positively correlated with elevated plasma CRP levels, soluble intracellular adhesion molecule (s ICAM)-1, and soluble endothelial selectin .Additionally, a diet high in meat and processed food was positively correlated with inflammation [8, 9].In contrast, higher intake of vegetables was inversely associated with C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations [10, 11].