I have integrated some other tips within this guide, particularly in suggesting different technology tools that you might want to consider in helping you organize your review.
In the sections from Step 6-9 what I have included is the outline of those steps exactly as described by Galvan.
As an academic writer, you are expected to provide an analytical overview of the significant literature published on your topic.
If your audience knows less than you do on the topic, your purpose is instructional.
Given the value-laden nature of some social science research [e.g., educational reform; immigration control], argumentative approaches to analyzing the literature can be a legitimate and important form of discourse.
However, note that they can also introduce problems of bias when they are used to make summary claims of the sort found in systematic reviews [see below].I also provide links at the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to search the literature and as you write your review.In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have provided below, I also recommend that you (a) locate examples of literature reviews in your field of study and skim over these to get a feel for what a literature review is and how these are written (I have also provided links to a couple of examples at the end of these guidelines (b) read over other guides to writing literature reviews so that you see different perspectives and approaches: Some examples are: Read through the links provided below on APA guidelines so that you become familiar with the common core elements of how to write in APA style: in particular, pay attention to general document guidelines (e.g.These guidelines are adapted primarily from Galvan (2006).Galvan outlines a very clear, step-by-step approach that is very useful to use as you write your review.A literature review may consist of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories.A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information in a way that informs how you are planning to investigate a research problem.Ensure sources and references are current and relevant, cited appropriately according to your discipline.Present terminology and viewpoints on the topic in an unbiased and comprehensive manner.Your ideas should be at the center of your writing, but your work has to be embedded in what has come before to demonstrate its relevance and importance to the subject.The Literature Review connects your ideas to the ideas in your field.