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In the proposal, you might say something like "the researchers will secure the sample from ...", while in the final paper, it would be changed to "the researchers secured the sample from ...".Once again, with the exception of tense, the proposal becomes the first three chapters of the final research paper.There should be 1" of white space from the top of the page number to the top of the paper. APA format should be used to cite references within the paper. ) Recommendations (based on your findings) REFERENCES APPENDIX Chapter I begins with a few short introductory paragraphs (a couple of pages at most). It is important because it shows what previous researchers have discovered.
The payoff will be great since it will then be perceived as a final paper, and there will be far fewer changes.
All text on the title page is centered vertically and horizontally.
A paper that looks like a draft, will interpreted as such, and you can expect extensive and liberal modifications.
Take the time to put your paper in perfect APA format before showing it to anyone else.
The statement of the problem is the focal point of your research. It points out how your study relates to the larger issues and uses a persuasive rationale to justify the reason for your study. The significance of the study answers the questions: Why is your study important? Include it if your paper uses special terms that are unique to your field of inquiry or that might not be understood by the general reader.
It is just one sentence (with several paragraphs of elaboration). ...something that needs close attention ...existing methods that no longer seem to be working. "Operational definitions" (definitions that you have formulated for the study) should also be included.Again, nearly all proposals follow the same format.In fact, the proposal is identical to the first three chapters of the final paper except that it's writtten in future tense.Example of a problem statement: "The frequency of job layoffs is creating fear, anxiety, and a loss of productivity in middle management workers." While the problem statement itself is just one sentence, it is always accompanied by several paragraphs that elaborate on the problem. An example of an operational definition is: "For the purpose of this research, improvement is operationally defined as posttest score minus pretest score".Present persuasive arguments why the problem is important enough to study. The methodology section describes your basic research plan.The most commonly used style for writing research reports is called "APA" and the rules are described in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.Any library or bookstore will have it readily available. Refer to yourself or the research team in third person.The title page has no page number and it is not counted in any page numbering.Left margin: 1" Right margin: 1" Top margin: 1" Bottom margin: 1" Pages are numbered at the top right. Generally, the same font must be used throughout the manuscript, except 1) tables and graphs may use a different font, and 2) chapter titles and section headings may use a different font. TITLE PAGE TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER I - Introduction Introductory paragraphs Statement of the problem Purpose Significance of the study Research questions and/or hypotheses CHAPTER II - Background Literature review Definition of terms CHAPTER III - Methodology Restate purpose and research questions or null hypotheses Population and sampling Instrumentation (include copy in appendix) Procedure and time frame Analysis plan (state critical alpha level and type of statistical tests) Validity and reliability Assumptions Scope and limitations CHAPTER IV - Results CHAPTER V - Conclusions and recommendations Summary (of what you did and found) Discussion (explanation of findings - why do you think you found what you did?Overall, a good research proposal takes time to write and must identify what the proposed research will address and why the proposed research is so important. The length of the proposal depends on the length of the paper.Here is a brief explanation of the sections needed to complete a standard research proposal as well as the writing timeline you should strive to follow. A two page paper might just require a paragraph or two for a proposal.