Social Studies Sri Lanka Essay

Social Studies Sri Lanka Essay-40
In 2006, the government launched a military campaign to root out the LTTE, and by July 2007, it had seized control of the country’s east.

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The last few months of fighting between the government and the militants resulted in huge civilian casualties and censure from the international community.In August 2007, Human Rights Watch released a report that catalogues alleged abuses on both sides of the conflict.Amnesty International made similar accusations in its 2008 report on the state of the world’s human rights.European Union foreign ministers called for an independent inquiry into alleged war crimes (BBC) by both Tamil Tiger rebels and Sri Lanka’s government.Watchdog groups also accused both sides of violating international laws of war.Sri Lanka has been mired in ethnic conflict since the country, formerly known as Ceylon, became independent from British rule in 1948.A 2001 government census (PDF) says Sri Lanka’s main ethnic populations are the Sinhalese (82 percent), Tamil (9.4 percent), and Sri Lanka Moor (7.9 percent).As ethnic tension grew, in 1976, the LTTE was formed under the leadership of Velupillai Prabhakaran, and it began to campaign for a Tamil homeland in northern and eastern Sri Lanka, where most of the island’s Tamils reside.In 1983, the LTTE ambushed an army convoy, killing thirteen soldiers and triggering riots in which 2,500 Tamils died.India, which has its own Tamil population in the south, deployed a peacekeeping force in 1987 that left three years later amidst escalating violence. State Department placed the LTTE on its terror list in 1997.During the ensuing conflict, the LTTE emerged as a fearsome terrorist organization, famed for suicide bombings, recruitment of child soldiers, and the ability to challenge Sri Lankan forces from the Jaffna Peninsula in the north down through the eastern side of the island. In 2002, Norway brokered a cease-fire agreement between the LTTE and the Sri Lankan government.

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